There are many aspects of the chronology of the crucifixion, which should
be considered, including:
- The comparable chronology of Exodus
- The week prior to the crucifixion
- The arrival of the ladies to the tomb
- The period from resurrection to Pentecost
- A detailed review of events during
the day of Christ's death.
Some of these will be briefly discussed.
CHRONOLOGY OF THE EXODUS
Refer the page,
and the page,
THE WEEK PRIOR TO THE CRUCIFIXION
Friday - 8th
- 6 days before the Passover(14th) Jesus arrives in Bethany;
- Supper with Lazarus and Martha, Mary anoints the feet of Jesus;
Saturday - 9th - Weekly Sabbath
- Many Jews visit, to see Jesus and Lazarus; John 12:9.
Sunday - 10th - Lamb Set Aside
- The next day a crowd awaits Christ's arrival in Jerusalem,
- Christ enters Jerusalem on a colt; Matt 21:1-11, Mark 11:1-10,
- Prophesies the destruction of Jerusalem, Luke 19:41-44.
- Goes into the temple, looks around and as it is already late
leaves, Mark 11:11.
- Goes to Bethany with the twelve; Mark 11:11.
Monday - 11th
- Now the next day, Mark 11:12.
- Fig tree cursed, Mark 11:12-14.
- Overturned the tables of the moneychangers; Matt 21:12-13,
Mark 11:15-19, Luke 19:29-40.
- Heals the blind and lame in the temple, Matt 21:14.
- 'Hosanna' cried out in the temple, Matt 21:15-16.
- Lodges in Bethany, Matt 21:17.
Tuesday - 12th
- In the morning; Matt 21:18, Mark 11:20.
- "on one of those days", Luke 20:1.
- Previous fig tree withered, Mark 11:20-21.
- Second fig tree cursed and withers immediately, Matt 21:18-19.
(NB: - The first fig tree takes a day to wither and becomes
'dried up from the roots'. The curse is "Let no one
eat fruit from you ever again". It is Peter who
points out that the previously cursed fig tree has
- The second fig tree withers instantly.
The curse is "Let no fruit grow on you ever again".
The disciples ask how it withered so rapidly. )
- Teaching- Asked in prayer; Matt 21:21-22, Mark 11:22-24.
- Forgiveness, Mark 11:25-26.
- Christ's authority questioned; Matt 21:23-27, Mark 11:27-33,
- Sayings - Two sons, Matt 21:28-32
- Wicked Vinedressers; Matt 21:33-44, Mark 12:1-11,
- Wedding feast, Matt 22:1-14.
- Testing - Taxes to Caesar; Matt 22:15-16, Mark 12:13-17,
- Resurrection; Matt 22:23-32, Mark 12:18-27,
- Greatest Commandment; Matt 22:34-40, Mark 12:28-34.
- Question- David called his descendant Lord; Matt 22:41-46,
Mark 12:35-37, Luke 20:41-44.
- Teaching- Woe to Scribes and Pharisees; Matt 23:1-39,
Mark 12:38-40, Luke 20:45-47.
- Widow's 2 mites into the treasury; Mark 12:41-44,
- As leaving the temple Christ predicts its destruction;
Matt 24:1-2, Mark 13:1-2, Luke 21:5-6.
- Sitting on the Mount of Olives; Matt 24:3, Mark 13:3.
- Sayings - Sign of Coming; Matt 24:4-31, Mark 13:4-27,
- Fig tree budding; Matt 24:32-35, Mark 13:28-31,
- Day or hour; Matt 24:36-44, Mark 13:32-33,
- Faithful and Evil Servants; Matt 24:45-51,
- Wise and foolish virgins, Matt 25:1-13.
- The talents, Matt 25:14-30
- Son of Man will Judge the Nations, Matt 25:31-46.
- When finished all these sayings, Matt 26:1.
- [NB: In the KJV Luke 21:38 seems to imply the start of a
new day, but this should be grouped with verse 37
and considered as a comment. A comment which explains
that the people went to see him early each morning. ]
- After 2 days will be the Passover, when Christ would be
crucified (ie the 14th Passover); Matt 26:2, Mark 14:1.
- Feast of Unleavened Bread, called Passover, drawing near,
- Jewish hierarchy meets and plots to kill Christ, before
the feast starts; Matt 26:3-5, Mark 14:1-2, Luke 22:2.
- During supper at the house of Simon the leper a woman
anoints the head of Christ; Matt 26:6-13, Mark 14:3-9.
(NB: This is the event also described in John 12:2-8.
John 12:2-8 is an inset into the sequential flow of
the gospel of John. We know this because anointing
the feet of Jesus for His burial would make no sense
if it occurred 6 days before his death.)
- Judas Iscariot goes to chief priests and agrees to betray
Christ; Matt 26:14-16, Mark 14:10-11, Luke 22:3-6.
Wednesday - 13th - Private Home Passover
- Day of unleavened bread and killing of Passover (lamb);
Matt 26:17-19, Mark 14:12-16, Luke 22:7-13.
- Greeks ask to meet Christ, John 12:20-22.
- Christ is troubled and speaks of His death, John 12:23-36.
- Christ departs and hides from the crowd, John 12:36.
- Passover supper with disciples; Matt 26:20-25, Mark 14:17-21,
Thursday - 14th - Temple Passover
- Christ crucified.
- Jewish hierarchy observe the temple Passover, John 18:28.
ARRIVAL OF LADIES TO THE TOMB
As one begins to take a closer look at this portion of Scripture its
complexities become apparent.
There are some ladies who purchase spices and arrive at the tomb after
sunrise. These ladies after visiting the tomb say nothing to anyone.
Mark 16:1 Now when the Sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene,
Mary the mother of James, and Salome bought
spices, that they might come and anoint Him.
:2 Very early in the morning, on the first day
of the week (first of the 'Sabbaths'), they
came to the tomb when the sun had risen.
:8 And they went out quickly and fled from the
tomb, for they trembled and were amazed. And
they said nothing to anyone, for they were
We also have some ladies who had already prepared spices who very early
in the morning arrive at the tomb (apparently before sunrise, John 20:1
and Matt 28:1) and then return to tell the eleven.
Luke 24:1 Now on the first day of the week (first of
'Sabbaths'), very early in the morning, they,
and certain other women with them, came to the
tomb bringing the spices which they had prepared.
:9 Then they returned from the tomb and told all
these things to the eleven and to all the rest.
RESURRECTION TO PENTECOST
Since Christ arose on the same day the wave sheaf was offered and
'Pentecost' is the New Testament name for the 'Feast of Weeks', a
period of 50 days (counted inclusively) elapsed between these events.
Christ was seen by His disciples over 40 of these days.
Acts 1:3 to whom He was also presented Himself alive
after His suffering by many infallible proofs,
being seen by them during forty days and
speaking of the things pertaining to the
kingdom of God.
During this time issues arise in respect to the order of appearances
and the travel to the mountain in Galilee.