Passover - private house

The Seven Day 'Passover'

Passover - temple




In addition to the word 'Passover' being applied to two different single
night observances it was applied in a broader sense.


    Ezek  45:21  In the first month, on the fourteenth day
                 of the month, you shall observe the Passover,
                 a feast of seven[sevens] days; unleavened bread
                 shall be eaten.

The Hebrew actually has the word 'seven' in the plural form. What the
verse is expressing is that there were two overlapping periods of
7 days at this time.


First, there was the 7 day period which started on the 14th and ended on
the 20th, which represented the 7 nights (sunset to midnight) of Passover
celebration at the temple. These 7 nights corresponded to the days of
travel by the children of Israel in their journey to the designated place
of sacrifice. The designated place of sacrifice being identified as being
three days journey into the wilderness, Exod 3:18. 


Second, there was the 7 day period of the Feast of Unleavened Bread. This
period started on the 15th and ended the 21st. It represents the 7 days
in which the children of Israel consumed only unleavened bread. (The last
of their leavened bread having been consumed during their travel on the
14th day.)


[ NB: In summary the children of Israel had journeyed to Rameses city
      on the 14th, taken three days to reach the Red Sea, crossed
      the Red Sea by night and then gone a further 3 days into the
      wilderness (Num 33:3-8). On the 21st day the children of Israel
      rested and observed the feast originally mentioned to Pharaoh
      in Exodus 5:1 & 10:9. ]



This two-fold seven day period is also mentioned in Deuteronomy 16. 

Seven Days of Passover

    Deut  16:2   Therefore you shall sacrifice the Passover
                 to the LORD your God, ...
            :3   You shall eat no leavened bread with it;
                 seven days you shall eat unleavened bread
                 with it, ... (for you came out of the land
                 of Egypt in haste), ...

Seven Days of the Feast of Unleavened Bread

    Deut  16:4   And no leaven shall be seen among you in all your
                 territory for seven days, ... 


In Exodus chapter 12 the two-fold seven day periods are also described.

Seven Days of Passover

    Exod  12:15   Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. On the
                  first [chief - 14th] day you shall remove leaven
                  from your houses. For whoever eats leavened bread
                  from the first [chief -14th] day until [as far as]
                  the seventh [7th of Feast of Unleavened - 21st]
                  day, that person shall be cut off from Israel.

                  The text focuses on the situation in individual
                  homes. Scripture uses the word 'until' in an
                  exclusive manner and is saying that from the
                  start of the Passover celebration on the 14th
                  (at sunset) to the close of the 20th night's
                  celebration no leaven was to be eaten.                      

Seven Days of the Feast of Unleavened Bread

    Exod  12:18   In the first month, on the fourteenth day of
                  the month at evening [close of 14th], you shall
                  eat unleavened bread, until the twenty-first
                  day of the month at evening [close of 21st]
            :19   For seven days no leaven shall be found in
                  your houses since whoever eats what is leavened,
                  that same person shall be cut off from the
                  congregation of Israel, whether he is a
                  stranger or native of the land.
            :20   You shall eat nothing leavened; in all your
                  habitations you shall eat unleavened bread.
                   

 

Exodus
and
Christ
Examples
Differences
Between
the
Passovers
The
Exodus
and the
Passovers
Timing
of the
Two
Passovers
Nature
of the
Second
Passover



Passover
-
Observances
Ordained
Summary
-
The
Passovers


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