Chapter 13 of the book of Revelation has long hidden its teaching, but
it is time it was made clearer.
Revelation 13 presents descriptions of two beasts,
- a beast from the sea (verse 1)
- a beast from the land (verse 11).
These are often linked to the entities beast and false prophet (entities
mentioned in Revelation 16:13, 19:20 and 20:10).
Associated with one, or both, of these beasts is the number 666 (verse 18).
BEAST FROM THE SEA - 'BEAST'
A number of details are presented in the Revelation text which assist
the reader in identifying this beast.
- Mention of leopard, bear and lion.
- 7 heads, 10 horns, 10 crowns on horns.
- One of the heads mortally wounded, but
- An extended duration of '42 months'.
- Allowed to make war against the saints.
Many commentators discussing this beast rightly start with a consideration
of the lion, bear and leopard beasts presented in Daniel chapter 7. Since
these beasts have historically been considered as representations of the
Babylonian, Medo-Persian and Greek Empires, the 'beast' is usually assumed
to depict a Gentile arrangement.
However, this website takes the view that the portrayal of these progressive
kingdoms is actually intended to mirror major variances in the forms of
God's chosen vessel 'Israel'. That the teachings of the book of Daniel were
cloaked, often in a Gentile guise, to conceal God's actual prophetic message.
A message concerning the nature and fate of Israelite governing rulerships or
faith based leaderships claiming to represent Him.
The focal point of all biblical prophecy is the entity known as 'Israel'!
'Israel' was the firstborn son of God!
Exod 4:22 Then you shall say to Pharaoh, Thus says the
LORD; "Israel is My son, My firstborn.
With this different approach how should we view the 7 heads, 10 horns and
The prophecy tells us that one of the heads had been 'mortally wounded'
and 'healed'. The major historical wound of Israel was the fall of the final
remnant kingdom, of the once proud nation, to the Kingdom of Babylon.
This deadly wound was subsequently healed by God through the proclamation
of Cyrus (king of Persia). Ezra 1:2-4.
However, Israel became no more than a shadow of it's former self.
Nevertheless, it did retain some 'claim to glory' since it preserved
the Scriptures and represented what remained of the Old Covenant faith.
Having now addressed the mortally wounded head, and it's healing, it
is now necessary to reflect on the identities of the 7 heads being
alluded to in this prophecy.
Daniel chapter seven presents four beasts having in total 7 heads;
1 lion head, 1 bear head, 4 leopard heads and 1 'fourth beast' head.
The indication from this prophecy (when the beasts of Daniel chapter 7
are considered) is that we are dealing with a progression of heads
through time. Hence, we are drawn to the perspective that there is a
connection to the inferred progression of 7 kings in Rev 17:10.
Rev 17:10 There are also seven kings.
Five have fallen, one is,
and the other has not yet come.
Since the lion, bear and leopard are mentioned before the deadly wound
we are drawn to the conclusion that the lion head, the bear head and
three of the leopard heads were those which had permanently fallen.
Five heads (ie kingdoms) had past and the 6th head (one of the four
heads of the leopard kingdom) had been healed and was still present.
The head of the fourth beast was yet to arise.
The 10 horns and 10 crowns can be explained by considering Daniel
chapter seven. They are 10 concurrent kingdoms associated with the 10
kings of the final 'fourth beast' entity.
A critical piece of information provided by the Revelation prophecy is
that after the healing of the beast's wound the healed beast would be
given authority to continue a further 42 months.
The cryptic reference '42 months' is likely a New Testament reference to
the period cryptically described in Daniel chapter 4 as 'seven times'.
Both terms being symbolic references to an actual period of 2,520 years.
The period of time from when Cyrus released the Jews, to the expiry of
the time allocated for those of the Old Covenant faith to repent of their
[ NB: It is easy to derive the period of 2,520 years from
'seven times'. As 7 years x 360(days per year) equals
2,520 days, which is symbolising 2,520 years.
However, it is more difficult to derive this period
from '42 months'. The notion of '42 months' may be
easily equated to 1,260 years, ie 42 months x 30 days
(1260 days, symbolising 1260 years), but the doubling
of this value to provide 2,520 years could be
However, the notion of '42 months' can also be interpreted
as '42 New Moons'. (In the Old Testament the Hebrew word
may either be rendered 'month(s)' or 'New Moon(s)'.)
The topic of 'New Moons' has been poorly understood,
refer to NEW MOON - Chodesh - Explained!).
NB: The existence of only six 'New Moons' per year would
mean that '42 New Moons' would also equate to 7 years
(and therefore 2,520 years). ]
The Beast Elements
For a further discussion of the Daniel chapter 7 beasts click the following:
The healed head mentioned in Revelation was the head of the Judean king
Jehoiachin. It is from this king that the rulership line was maintained.
From this line Jesus Christ traced his kingly ancestry (refer Matt 1:12
The 'rising up out of the sea' description of the origin of the first
beast is alluding to its appearing from the nations, initially from
Egypt and then from Babylon.
The text of Revelation 13 mentions that the beast from the sea is the one
which kills the saints. This has indeed been the action of the leaders of
Acts 7:51 You stiff-necked and uncircumcised in heart and ears!
You always resist the Holy Spirit; as your fathers
did, so do you.
:52 Which of the prophets did your fathers not persecute?
And they killed those who foretold the coming of the
Just One, ...
The Number 666
The bible almost always records numbers (both small and large) in word
form (eg 'two hundred and seventy-six' in Acts 27:37).
However, this is not the case for the number '666' found in Rev 13:18.
Some received texts present the number '666' as "600 60 6".
Apparently, though, most of the received texts present the number in
the letter form, where letters are used to represent numbers.
= Chi = 600
= Xi = 60
= Stigma = 6
When we look into Scripture, to find other references to the number '666',
we find the number in three other places.
- Ezra 2:13 - number of the people of Adonikam who
returned to Jerusalem from Babylon
- 1 Kings 10:14 - '666 talents of gold'
- 2 Chron 9:13 - '666 talents of gold'
The last two references are clearly relevant. Both refer to a fixed
annual income received every year by Solomon. The source of this income
is not stated, but a number of possible sources are excluded.
1King 10:15 besides that from the traveling merchants, from
the income of traders, from all the kings of Arabia,
and from the governors of the country.
The fixed nature of this income suggests a 'rental income' and indeed
Solomon was the recipient of a significant rental income from many
Song 8:11 Solomon had a vineyard at Baal Hamon; he leased
the vineyard to keepers; everyone was to bring
for its fruit a thousand silver coins.
:12 My own vineyard is before me. You, O Solomon,
have a thousand, and those who tend its fruit
two hundred (each).
This rental income was also alluded to in Isaiah.
Isa 7:23 It shall happen in that day, that wherever there
could be a thousand vine(yards)s worth a thousand
(mina each) of silver, It will be for briers
These verses indicate that in the time of Solomon;
1,000 silver x 1,000 vineyards x 200 people = 200 million silver pieces
= 1 million silver mina
= 666 gold talents
[ Notes: a) Therefore Scripture is indicating that a silver
mina can be composed of 200 silver 'pieces'.
Refer the shekel discussion in the 'Mene Mene
Tekel Upharsin' prophecy presentation. As that
study indicates a mina is composed of 100 shekels,
it looks as though the silver 'pieces', for the
rental of the vineyard, were of half shekel weight.
b) While the exact formula conversion of 1 million
silver mina to 666 gold talents is a little
uncertain a deflated value for silver may be
present. During the reign of Solomon silver
was in excess supply and undervalued.
1 Kings 10:27 "And the king made silver to be
in Jerusalem as stones"
c) The word for 'calculate' or 'count' in Rev 13:18
is Strong's G5585 and means to 'use pebbles in
enumeration'. (It is interesting that the above
1 Kings 10:27 verse also compares silver to
stones.) The use of a word meaning pebbles
indicates that the reader should derive the
number of silver pieces being represented.
d) The number 200,000,000 is also mentioned
in Revelation 9:16, referring to the number of
mounted horsemen bound at the river Euphrates. ]
From the above verses it appears that Solomon, as king of Israel, had
control of Israel's vineyards and rented them to whomever he pleased.
Indicating that in the same way the future beast will control who will be
permitted to tend and profit from the various spiritual vineyards of God.
In other words, who would be able to 'buy or sell' in the wine/teachings
The name/number of the beast is said to also be the number of a man
(Rev 13:17-18). Obviously Israel is the name of a nation, but it is also
the name of a symbolic 'son of God' (recall Exodus 4:22).
[ Notes: a) At a lesser level, we know that Jacob's name was
changed by God to 'Israel' (Gen 32:27-28).
b) The number 666 also suggests a 2nd lesser
connection to another actual person, King Solomon. ]
Identifying the beast of Revelation 13:1-10 as various forms of the
entity 'Israel' helps place the second beast in perspective.
BEAST FROM THE LAND - 'FALSE PROPHET'
The beast from the land is not directly identified in the Revelation
13 chapter as the False Prophet, but the comparison to the following
verse strongly suggests this conclusion.
Rev 19:20 Then the beast was captured, and with him the
false prophet who worked signs in his presence,
by which he deceived those who received the
mark of the beast and those who worshiped his
The main actions of the beast from the land are;
1) Causing the creation of a more tangible
image of the first beast.
2) Ensuring this image is worshiped.
Since this beast arises out of the earth (ie spiritual earth) the indication
is that it arises out of Judaism.
In addition, as the first beast represented a major entity in God's work,
the inference is that this second beast likewise represents a major entity.
For these reasons Christianity is a prime candidate for this second beast.
Christianity had it's orgin in the chosen Jewish apostles and disciples of
the New Covenant. And Christianity is the major entity in God's work which
has arisen since the healing of the first beast's wound.
The two horns, can be easily explained as the two major divisions which
arose. The division which witnessed in Israel to the Jews initially led
by the three main apostles, Peter, James and John; and the division which
witnessed in the surrounding nations initially led by the apostle Paul.
END-TIME IMAGE OF THE BEAST
Both the beast from the sea and the beast from the land are associated
with the 'dragon' and described in negative terms.
Beast from the Sea
Rev 13:2 ... And the dragon gave him his power,
his throne, and great authority.
Rev 13:5 And he was given a mouth speaking great things
Beast from the Land
Rev 13:11 ... and spoke like a dragon.
Rev 13:15 ... that the image of the beast should both
speak and cause as many as would not worship
the image of the beast to be killed.
The end time form of these two beasts is encompassed in the 'dreadful
and terrible' fourth beast of Daniel chapter 7.
This will be the fourth and final 'beast like' form of Israel. A united
Jewish and Christian entity, which will trample dissenting groups (and
individuals) within its sphere of influence.
It will be a religious organisation which will seek to bring the people
of God into spiritual captivity. So in this way many will be symbolically
marked in their minds (foreheads) and religious work (right hand).
People and groups which do not 'fall into line' will be disfellowshipped
and otherwise suppressed (symbolically killed). This organisation will
seek to fully control God's vineyard work. It will be a composite
Jewish/Christian 'kingdom' which all symbolic 'tribes, tongues and
nations', ie Jewish and Christian groups, will be expected to worship.
In the prophecy the composite nature of this entity can be seen upon
the subsequent separation of the first three horns (representing Judaism),
from the other seven horns (representing the 7 churches of Christianity).
With the removal of the initial 3 horns a 2nd form of fourth beast arises.
It is at this stage that reference is again made back to Rev 13:5 where
it talks about the beast from the sea, "and he was given a mouth speaking
great things, and blasphemies".
Dan 7:8 And there, in this horn, were eyes like the eyes
of a man, and a mouth speaking pompous words.
:11 ... then because of the sound of the pompous words
which the horn was speaking, I watched till the
beast was slain,
:20 ... and about the other horn, which came up, ...
that horn which had eyes and a mouth which spoke
pompous words, whose appearance was greater than
:21 ... and the same horn was making war against the
saints, and prevailing against them.
:24 ... and another shall rise after them; he shall
be different from the first ones, ...
:25 he shall speak pompous words against the Most High,
shall persecute the saints of the Most High,
shall intend to change times and law. ...
It is important to note that that the 4th beast of Daniel chapter 7
manifests itself in two different forms!
Firstly, a united religious establishment enforcing its Scriptural
Secondly, a satanic led power going in an entirely different direction
('intend to change times and law'). Note, this form will also enforce
its agenda, refer Dan 7:21.)
The rise of a satanic power is also reflected in Dan 11:37-38; where
Scripture speaks of a ruler which will fail to regard the God of his
Many reading the Revelation chapter 13 prophecy may consider the text
is describing only one final corrupt situation prior to the establishment
of the Kingdom of God.
However, the Daniel chapter 7 portrayal shows there are actually two
successive end-time periods. The second being a truly satanic era.
A time dominated by a little horn speaking blasphemous words against
the Most High.
In summary Revelation chapter 13 is describing several successive periods
- Lion, bear and leopard era
- most of the healed beast era
- United 'Israel' persecuting any dissent.
- Little horn led 'Israel' speaking blasphemous words