bread

Instigation of Bread and Wine

wine





These verses record the initial observance of the bread and wine.


    Matt   26:26   And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, blessed it
                   and broke it, and gave it to the disciples and said,
                   'Take, eat; this is My body'.
             :27   Then He took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to
                   them, saying, 'Drink from it, all of you.
             :28   For this is My blood of the new covenant, which is
                   shed for many for the remission of sins.
             :29   But I say to you, I will not drink of this fruit of
                   the vine from now on until that day when I drink it
                   new with you in My Fathers kingdom.'


    Mark   14:22   And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, blessed it
                   and broke it, and gave it to them and said, 'Take,
                   eat; this is My body'.
             :23   Then He took the cup, and when He had given thanks He
                   gave it to them, and they all drank from it.
             :24   And He said to them, 'This is My blood of the new
                   covenant, which is shed for many.
             :25   Assuredly, I say to you, I will no longer drink of
                   the fruit of the vine until that day when I drink
                   it new in the kingdom of God.'


    Luke   22:14   And when the hour had come, He sat down, and the
                   twelve apostles with Him.
             :15   Then He said to them, 'With fervent desire I have
                   desired to eat this Passover with you before I
                   suffer;
             :16   for I say to you, I will no longer eat of it until
                   it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God'.
             :17   Then He took the cup, and gave thanks, and said,
                   'Take this and divide it among yourselves;
             :18   for I say to you, I will not drink of the fruit of
                   the vine until the kingdom of God comes'.
             :19   And He took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and
                   gave it to them, saying, 'This is My body which is
                   given for you; do this in remembrance of Me'.
             :20   Likewise He also took the cup after supper saying,
                   'This cup is the new covenant in My blood, which
                   is shed for you'.
 

The bread and wine were consumed the night before the death of Christ.
This night was Passover night. This Passover, was the Passover observed
in private homes in accord with the requirements of Exodus 12:6-14.
 
The bread 'broke' was unleavened bread, bread baked without yeast.
This being the type of bread eaten on Passover night, Exodus 12:8.



We find in 1st Corinthians 11:17-34 an apparent confirmation of the Lord's
Supper ceremony.


    1 Cor 11:17   Now in giving these instructions I do not praise you,
                  since you come together not for the better but for
                  the worse.
            :18   For first of all, when you come together as a church,
                  I hear that there are divisions among you, and in part
                  I believe it.
            :19   For there must also be factions among you, that those
                  who are approved may be recognized among you.
            :20   Therefore when you come together in one place, it is
                  not to eat the Lord's Supper.
            :21   For in eating, each one takes his own supper ahead of
                  others; and one is hungry and another is drunk.
            :22   What! Do you not have houses to eat and drink in? Or
                  do you despise the church of God and shame those who
                  have nothing? What shall I say to you? Shall I praise
                  you in this? I do not praise you.
            :23   For I received from the Lord that which I also delivered
                  to you: that the Lord Jesus on the same night in which
                  He was betrayed took bread;
            :24   and when He had given thanks, He broke it and said,
                  "Take, eat; this is My body which is broken for you;
                  do this in remembrance of Me."
            :25   In the same manner He also took the cup after supper,
                  saying, "This cup is the new covenant in My blood. This
                  do, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of Me."
            :26   For as often as you eat this bread and drink this cup,
                  you proclaim the Lord's death till He comes.
            :27   Therefore whoever eats this bread or drinks this cup
                  of the Lord in an unworthy manner will be guilty of
                  the body and blood of the Lord.
            :28   But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of
                  the bread and drink of the cup.
            :29   For he who eats and drinks in an unworthy manner eats
                  and drinks judgment to himself, not discerning the
                  Lord's body.
            :30   For this reason many are weak and sick among you, and
                  many sleep.
            :31   For if we would judge ourselves, we would not be judged.
            :32   But when we are judged, we are chastened by the Lord,
                  that we may not be condemned with the world.
            :33   Therefore, my brethren, when you come together to eat,
                  wait for one another.
            :34   But if anyone is hungry, let him eat at home, lest you
                  come together for judgment. And the rest I will set in
                  order when I come.


In this passage of 1st Corinthians, Paul is dealing with the behaviour of
the Corinth members when they came together as a church.


The question which is unclear from the text is whether the church was
partaking of a literal meal or whether Paul was using the analogy of
a literal meal to symbolise their behaviour in respect to the spiritual
meal they should have been sharing.




Lord's
Supper
Introduction



Symbolic
Meaning
of
Bread
Symbolic
Meaning
of
Wine
The
True
Lord's
Supper
Lord's
Supper
Summary


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