These verses record the initial observance of the bread and wine.
Matt 26:26 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, blessed it
and broke it, and gave it to the disciples and said,
'Take, eat; this is My body'.
:27 Then He took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to
them, saying, 'Drink from it, all of you.
:28 For this is My blood of the new covenant, which is
shed for many for the remission of sins.
:29 But I say to you, I will not drink of this fruit of
the vine from now on until that day when I drink it
new with you in My Fathers kingdom.'
Mark 14:22 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, blessed it
and broke it, and gave it to them and said, 'Take,
eat; this is My body'.
:23 Then He took the cup, and when He had given thanks He
gave it to them, and they all drank from it.
:24 And He said to them, 'This is My blood of the new
covenant, which is shed for many.
:25 Assuredly, I say to you, I will no longer drink of
the fruit of the vine until that day when I drink
it new in the kingdom of God.'
Luke 22:14 And when the hour had come, He sat down, and the
twelve apostles with Him.
:15 Then He said to them, 'With fervent desire I have
desired to eat this Passover with you before I
:16 for I say to you, I will no longer eat of it until
it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God'.
:17 Then He took the cup, and gave thanks, and said,
'Take this and divide it among yourselves;
:18 for I say to you, I will not drink of the fruit of
the vine until the kingdom of God comes'.
:19 And He took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and
gave it to them, saying, 'This is My body which is
given for you; do this in remembrance of Me'.
:20 Likewise He also took the cup after supper saying,
'This cup is the new covenant in My blood, which
is shed for you'.
The bread and wine were consumed the night before the death of Christ.
This night was Passover night. This Passover, was the Passover observed
in private homes in accord with the requirements of Exodus 12:6-14.
The bread 'broke' was unleavened bread, bread baked without yeast.
This being the type of bread eaten on Passover night, Exodus 12:8.
We find in 1st Corinthians 11:17-34 an apparent confirmation of the Lord's
1 Cor 11:17 Now in giving these instructions I do not praise you,
since you come together not for the better but for
:18 For first of all, when you come together as a church,
I hear that there are divisions among you, and in part
I believe it.
:19 For there must also be factions among you, that those
who are approved may be recognized among you.
:20 Therefore when you come together in one place, it is
not to eat the Lord's Supper.
:21 For in eating, each one takes his own supper ahead of
others; and one is hungry and another is drunk.
:22 What! Do you not have houses to eat and drink in? Or
do you despise the church of God and shame those who
have nothing? What shall I say to you? Shall I praise
you in this? I do not praise you.
:23 For I received from the Lord that which I also delivered
to you: that the Lord Jesus on the same night in which
He was betrayed took bread;
:24 and when He had given thanks, He broke it and said,
"Take, eat; this is My body which is broken for you;
do this in remembrance of Me."
:25 In the same manner He also took the cup after supper,
saying, "This cup is the new covenant in My blood. This
do, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of Me."
:26 For as often as you eat this bread and drink this cup,
you proclaim the Lord's death till He comes.
:27 Therefore whoever eats this bread or drinks this cup
of the Lord in an unworthy manner will be guilty of
the body and blood of the Lord.
:28 But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of
the bread and drink of the cup.
:29 For he who eats and drinks in an unworthy manner eats
and drinks judgment to himself, not discerning the
:30 For this reason many are weak and sick among you, and
:31 For if we would judge ourselves, we would not be judged.
:32 But when we are judged, we are chastened by the Lord,
that we may not be condemned with the world.
:33 Therefore, my brethren, when you come together to eat,
wait for one another.
:34 But if anyone is hungry, let him eat at home, lest you
come together for judgment. And the rest I will set in
order when I come.
In this passage of 1st Corinthians, Paul is dealing with the behaviour of
the Corinth members when they came together as a church.
The question which is unclear from the text is whether the church was
partaking of a literal meal or whether Paul was using the analogy of
a literal meal to symbolise their behaviour in respect to the spiritual
meal they should have been sharing.